Cause Essay: This essay explains the different causes and either presents your view or asks the reader to decide at the end. The introduction describes the effects and ends with the question: "What has caused...?" The body paragraphs describe one or more possible causes and the evidence for this. Generally, you will argue strongly for the most important cause in this type of essay. You may argue against some of the other reasonings. The conclusion either restates the cause you think is most important and argues for why the reader should believe it, or it asks the reader to decide.
What a wonderful support for writing teachers! It is important to also think about how text structure plays into reading. By being immersed in the genre of informational text as readers and then as writers, students will begin to see these structures and how using them benefit the readers they write for — the symbiotic relationship between the two is one of the toughest kinds of thinking for kids to discover, yet, it is the most powerful in creating independent writers whose learning then becomes generative. “Reading with the eyes of a writer” allows students (and adults!) to use effective writing techniques in any genre. Thank you NYT for offering mentor texts!