The “Two Treatises of Government” (1690) offered political theories developed and refined by Locke during his years at Shaftesbury’s side. Rejecting the divine right of kings, Locke said that societies form governments by mutual (and, in later generations, tacit) agreement. Thus, when a king loses the consent of the governed, a society may remove him—an approach quoted almost verbatim in Thomas Jefferson’s 1776 Declaration of Independence . Locke also developed a definition of property as the product of a person’s labor that would be foundational for both Adam Smith’s capitalism and Karl Marx’s socialism.
Kant does not share Hume’s conclusion, because for him causality is something rational. Experience shows of things, but individuals (or contingency) are summarised in the general laws that refer to sensitive and that, a priori. Kant, however, Hume holds that all concepts need to maintain a link with the experience and knowledge begin with experience. Thus, without a referent-sensitive, causality can not be plausible and its application to what is beyond the scope of the experiment is illegal. However, for Kant, knowledge is not derived entirely from experience unlike Hume, although it begins chronologically with it. We must see the position of Kant two parts, one is asserting that empirical knowledge begins with experience, and one that is rational, which states that knowledge comes not only from experience. So to see the Kantian position in relation to his centrism between rationalism and empiricism, we can say with him a concept without significant reference is empty, and from an intuition and sensitivity that is no concept blind.